Posted June 26, 2013 by Himanshu Joshi in Others

Factors that caused Uttarakhand devastation

Uttarakhand disaster 2013
Uttarakhand disaster 2013
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News About Disaster in Uttarakhand

Lets have a look at some of the factors which are responsible for the  Disaster in Uttarakhand 2013:

Factors that caused Uttarakhand devastation

Unplanned Construction

The Eco-fragile Uttarakhand has become a victim to human greed. A sum of 427 dams are planned to be built on rivers on which 70 projects are proposed or built on the River Ganga alone. The continual construction has affected 80% of the Bhagirathi and 65% of the Alaknanda.

For the construction of dams, Dynamite blasts are required to cut the mountains. Such blasts, on a Richter scale, are equivalent to a magnitude 4.0 earthquake, are responsible to worsen landslides.

Increase in the number of vehicles

A series Natural Disaster have forced devastating consequences. In 2005-06, around 83k vehicles were registered in the state that rose to around 180k in 2012-13 on which 4 wheeler vehicles increased the most. In 2005-06, 4k such vehicles were registered, which soared to 40k in 2012-13. Apparently, this rise in the number of vehicles, on one hand polluted the environs, on other aggravated landslides.

Insufficient Resources
In spite of having sufficient funds received through donations, the Badrinath-Kedarnath temple administration committee says that they neither have the resources nor the manpower.

There is no one trained to manage a natural disaster; and only 100 police men are trained on emergency medical procedures.

Uttarakhand Chief Minister Vijay Bahugun, in an interview with CNN-IBN, said that the disaster management committee in the state had not met for six years and they were not at all prepared to handle such a huge devastation.

Government Carelessness
There is no governing authority set up to manage pilgrims visiting Char dham. Even, a single Nodal Officer is not present to monitor the yatra arrangements. No tourism management as well crowd management is setup in the state.

The Monitoring, forecasting, and early-warning systems in the Met department are very poor, specifically in Uttarakhand and needs to be improved.

Reduction in Forest cover
The forest cover in Uttarakhand in 1970 was 84.9% which got reduced to 75.4% in 2000.

All the mentioned reasons seem to have a relation with either human-greed or mismanagement. There seem to be some religious reasons as well (we can’t neglect these factors as they are based on firm faith of locals) like :

1- Opening of Kedarnath Kapat at wrong muhurat is said to be one of the religious reasons behind the catastrophe, as per one Nepali pundit.

2- Dhari Devi Temple Relocation is considered to be the main reason behind the catastrophe as per the local beliefs. Reports are that on June 16, 2013, weather was normal until the devi temple was relocated and soon-after, flood started. It is evident that there were several protests from sadhus and locals for not to displace the devi mandir but the greedy, insensible government did not pay any attention to the beliefs of people and on the doomsday, displaced the temple in order to construct a dam there.

Reference: http://actionwanted.wordpress.com/2013/06/24/factors-that-caused-flash-floods-in-uttarakhand/ by Rupesh Malik

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Himanshu Joshi